About the Cognitive psychology research section
Cognitive psychology, one of the basic building blocs of academic psychology, is a discipline, which concentrates upon the processes, states and contents of human mind while getting to know the outer and inner world. It is an integral part of the interdisciplinary cognitive science, which also includes computer science, neuroscience, philosophy, linguistics, cultural anthropology etc. The traditional date of the beginning of cognitive psychology is thought to be 1956 when several lead scientists (Miller, Bruner, and Chomsky) began with research of topics until that time lying on the fringe of interest of psychology – short term memory, language, and attention. This change meant significant widening and overcoming of behaviourist approach to human mind, which was characterised by reluctance to research anything happening outside of the visible periphery of the organism – outside of the obvious behaviour and its relationship to quantifiable stimuli. The developing cognitive psychology on the other hand was interested in what is happening inside the „black box“of human mentality. The promise of reaching this goal was the acceptance of informational-computational approach, for which the most prominent inspiration was cybernetics.
In recent years, cognitive science has undergone great development. The World Health Organisation announced that the 1990’s was as a decade of research of the human brain. For its current state, the characteristic approach is the extension over one field and assimilation of information from other fields. Cognitive psychology is still mainly based upon the methodological possibilities of experiment as original and fully valued sources of objective data. Similarly, a metaphor of learning individual as a system of processing information remains its anchor. Of course, in comparison with the past it is more open to thematic and methodological alternatives of the traditional approach.
In the research framework of the Institute of Psychology are included traditional topics (perception, cognition, consciousness), modern trends of science about brain, as well as approaches widening the informational perception of cognition especially in terms of dimensions of meaning or experience. The national specificity is on the Department of Cognitive Psychology represented by research of cognitive characteristics of development of language and speech.