PhDr. Iva Šolcová, Ph.D.

PhDr. Iva Šolcová, Ph.D.

Institute of Psychology
The Czech Academy of Sciences
Hybernská 8, 110 00 Praha, ČR
Tel.: +420 221 403 901


Research interests

  • Health psychology
  • Stress-buffering factors
  • Resilience
  • Psychophysiology – individual differences

Education & Work experience

  • 1992 – now: senior researcher in the Institute of Psychology
  • 1985 – 1991: researcher in the Institute of Physiology of The Czech Academy of Sciences
  • 1971 – 1985: clinical psychologist in Outpatient Ward Psychiatric Clinic, Prague 6

Research projects

Principal investigator

  • Dynamics of resilience and its resources in crewmembers during extended spaceflight simulation (CSF; 2011-2013)
  • Conceptions of mental resilience – a comparative study (GA CAS; 2007-2009)
  • Social support as an important protective factor (GA CAS; 1999 – 2003)
  • Women’s stress (GA CR; 1995-97)
  • Hardiness (GA CR; 1993-95)
  • Effect of physical activity on resilience of man (GA of Ministry of Education; 1992-93)
  • Disaster psychology  (Federal committee for life environment; 1992)

Co-principal investigator

  • Burnout syndrome and cardiovascular diseases’ risk factors: enlargement of diagnostic, interventional, and preventive possibilities (GA CR; 2006-08)
  • Psychosocial inequalities in health (GA CR; 2003-05)
  • Successful Entrepreneurship in Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic (2004-05; CAS; D27-CZ33/04-05)
  • Tackling inequalities in health (European Commission, Health and Consumer Protection Directorate General; 1999-2002).
  • Social and psychological determinants of broadening of violence and aggression among youth and possibilities of its reduction (GA CR; 1995-96)
  • Alexithymia (GA CAS; 1991-1993)

National coordinator

  • SIRIUS-19 – Scientific International Research in Unique Terrestrial Station – ground-based experiment simulating prolonged (120 days) space flight (Moscow; Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS + NASA + ESA; 2019)
  • SIRIUS-17 – ground-based experiment simulating space flight in duration of 17 days (Moscow; Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS + NASA + ESA; 2017)
  • Mars-500 – ground-based experiment simulating prolonged (520 days) space flight to Mars and back (Moscow; Institute for Biomedical Problems + NASA + ESA; 2010-11)
  • Psychological effects of the economic recession: Implications for stress and coping – the worldwide study coordinated by Esther Greenglass from the University of York, Toronto (2010-2011)
  • Well being of university students - The worldwide study  coordinated by  Cecilia Cheng  from the University of Hong-Kong  (2006-2007)
  • Social axioms – The world-wide study on general beliefs coordinated by prof. M.H. Bond from the University of Hong-Kong (1999-2000)
  • EKOPSY-95 – Ecology and Psychology – ground-based experiment simulating prolonged (90 days) space flight (Moscow; Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS; 1995)
  • HUBES-94 – HUman BEhaviour in Space simulation studies – ground-based experiment simulating prolonged (135 days) space flight (Moscow; Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS, ESA; 1994-95)
  • Prevention of failure of flight navigators (Inter-Departmental Committee for Air Traffic Navigation; 1994, 1995)
  • Štola-88 – ground-based experiment simulating space flight in duration of 30 days(Tišnov; Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences + Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS; 1988)

Scientific awards

2004: National psychiatric award for the best theoretical and research work on the theme of Psychological stress.

Professional Societies, Government Committees, and Organizations

2011 – 2017: European Health Psychology Society – a member
2009 – 2016: International Association of Applied Psychology – a member
2003 - now:  International Astronautic Academy - elected regular member
1998 – 2002: International Astronautic Academy - elected corresponding  member
2002 – 2005: Discipline committee for social sciences of the Grant Agency of the CR -  a member
2002 – 2005: Subcommittee of specialists for psychology and pedagogic of the Grant Agency of the CR – a chair
2002 – 2007: a member of Academy Assembly
2007 – 2017: Institutional Board of the Institute of Psychology – a chair
2010 – now: Subject area board of General Psychology (Faculty of Arts, Charles University)
2015 – now: Subject area board of Social and Spiritual Determinants of Health (Sts Cyril and Methodius Faculty, Palacký University)

Editorial Board

1997 – 2011: executive editor of the journal Československá psychologie
2011 – now: editor in chief of the Ceskoslovenska psychologie
2000 – now: member of editorial board of the journal Adiktologie

Selected publications


Šolcová, I., Vinokhodova, A., Gushin, V., Kuznetsova, P.: Tend-and-befriend behaviour during spaceflight simulation. Acta Astronautica, 191, 2 (2022), 79-87.


Šolcová, I., Vinokhodova, A., Gushin, V.: Anticipated and perceived personal growth and values in two spaceflight simulation studies. Acta Astronautica, 179 (2021), 561-568.


Šolcová, I., Děchtěrenko, F., Poláčková Šolcová, I., Hofer, J., Busch, H., Au, A. : Cross-cultural examination of university education and ego integrity in late adulthood: implications for policy and practice. Journal of Aging and Social Policy (published on-line 2020). DOI: 10.1080/08959420.2020.1722897

Havrdová, Z., Děchtěrenko, F., Šolcová, I. : Dotazník sebereflexe (SRIS) a Filadelfská škála všímavosti (PHLMS): psychometrické charakteristiky českých verzí. [Self Reflection and Insight Scale (SRIS), and Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale (PHLMS): Psychometric properties of the Czech versions.] Československá psychologie, 64, 5 (2020), 535-549. [In Czech.]

Šolcová, I.: Krize středního věku? [Midlife crisis?] Československá psychologie, 64, 6 (2020), 716-722. [In Czech.]


Šolcová, I.: Specificky ženská odpověď na stres? [Unique female response to stress?] Československá psychologie, 63, 3 (2019), 364-369. [In Czech].


Blatný, M., Šolcová, I., Květon, P., Zábrodská, K., Mudrák, J., Jelínek, M., Machovcová, K.: The influence of personality traits on life satisfaction through work engagement and job satisfaction among academic faculty members. Studia psychologica, 60, 4 (2018), 274-286.

Šolcová, I.: Gerotranscendence: jiný pohled na stáří. [Gerotranscendence: a different view of old age.] Československá psychologie, 62, 6 (2018), 616-621. [In Czech].

Zábrodská, K., Mudrák, J., Šolcová, I., Květon, P., Blatný, M., Machovcová, K.: Burnout among university faculty: The central role of work family conflict. Educational Psychology, 38, 6 (2018), 800-819.


Šolcová, I., Kebza, V., Kodl, M., Kernová, V.: Self-reported health predicting resilience and burnout in longitudinal study. Central Europan Journal of Public Health, 25, 3 (2017), 222-227.

Šolcová, I., Tavel, P.: Stress-related growth in two challenging conditions. Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments, 13(1), article 4 (2017).


Poláčková Šolcová, I., Šolcová, I., Stuchlíková, I., Mazehóová, Y.: The Story of 520 days on a Simulated Flight to Mars. Acta Astronautica, 126 (2016), 178–189.

Šolcová, I., Blatný, M., Jelínek, M., Kebza, V.: Relation of toddler temperament and perceived parenting styles to adult resilience. Československá psychologie, 60, 1 (2016), 61-70.


Solcova, I., Vinkhodova, A. G.: Locus of Control, Stress Resistance, and Personal Growth of Participants in the Mars-500 Experiment. Human Physiology, 41 (2015), 761-766.

Blatný, M., Šolcová, I.: Well-being. In: Blatný, M. (Ed.), Personality and Well-being Across the Life-Span. London, Palgrave Macmillan (2015).

Kebza, V., Šolcová, I.: Burnout syndrome, selected psychological variables, and risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. In: T. N. Winston (Ed.), Handbook on Burnout and Sleep Deprivation: Risk Factors, Management Strategies and Impact on Performance and Behavior. New York, Nova Science Publishers (2015), 129-140.


Poláčková Šolcová, I., Lačev, A., Šolcová, I.: Study of individual and group affective processes in the crew of a simulated mission to Mars: Positive affectivity as a valuable indicator of changes in the crew affectivity. Acta Astronautica, 100 (2014), 57-67.

Šolcová, I., Stuchlíková, I., Guščin, V. I.: MARS-500: Fakta a postřehy ze simulovaného letu na rudou planetu. [Facts and reflections from simulated flight to red planet.] Praha, Academia a Psychologický ústav AV ČR, 2014. [In Czech].


Kebza, V., Šolcová, Iva: Contemporary social changes, their consequences and burnout syndrome. Československá psychologie. Roč. 57, č. 4 (2013),  329-341. [In Czech].

Šolcová, Iva, Gushin, V., Vinokhodova, A., Lukavský, Jiří: Emotional energy, work self-efficacy, and perceived similarity during the Mars 520 study. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine. Roč. 84, č. 11 (2013), 1186-1190.

Šolcová, Iva: Looking back at the contents of Ceskoslovenska psychologie. Československá psychologie. Roč. 57, č. 4 (2013), s. 379-386. [In Czech].


Šolcová, Iva, Slezáčková, Alena, Franková, E., Greenglass, E.: Psychological circumstances of economic recession. Československá psychologie. Roč. 56, č. 1 (2012), 64-72. [In Czech].


Lukavský, Jiří, Šolcová, Iva, Preiss, M.: Proactive coping and cognitive performance in elderly. Československá psychologie. Roč. 55, č. 3 (2011),  193-203. [In Czech].

Šolcová, Iva: Psychosocial aspects of aging. Československá psychologie. Roč. 55, č. 2 (2011), 152-166. [In Czech].

Šolcová, Iva: Methodological remarks to longitudinal studies. Československá psychologie. Roč. 55, č. 4 (2011), 374-380. [In Czech].


Šolcová, I.: A study with no results? Československá psychologie. Roč. 54, č. 4 (2010), 420-426.

Havrdová, Z., Šolcová, Iva, Hradcová, D., Rohanová, E.: Organizational culture and burnout syndrome. Československá psychologie. Roč. 54, č. 3 (2010), 235-248. [In Czech].

Kebza, V., Šolcová, Iva: Burnout syndrome, selected psychosocial variables and risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. Československá psychologie. Roč. 54, č. 1 (2010),  1-16. [In Czech].


Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Personality resiliency: A comparison of feature conceptions. Psychology & Health 2009, 24, Suppl. 1, 368.

Šolcová, I., Mikšík, O.: The space psychological research in the Czech Republic. Aviokosmičeskaja i Ekologičeskaja Medicina  /  Aerospace and environmental medicine 43, 2009 , 3, 74-76.

Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Well-being in university students: Czech part of the study. Československá psychologie 53, 2009, 129-139. [In Czech.]


Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Hardiness differently predicted in men and women in the Czechsample. International Journal of Psychology 44, 2008, 3-4.

Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Predictability of cardiovascular risks by psychological measures.  Psychology & Health 23, 2008, Suppl. 1, 241.

Šolcová, I.: Resilience of small groups isolated in challenging conditions: Review of contemporary findings. Československá psychologie  52, 2008,3, 272-284. [In Czech.]


Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Psychosocial inequalities in health: two Czech national studies. Československa psychologie 51, 2007, Supplement 1, 62-69.

Šolcová, I.: Health from the view of philosophy. Československá psychologie 51, 2007, 4, 423-431. [In Czech.]

Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Psychosocial inequalities in health: Two Czech national studies. Československa psychologie 51, 2007, Supplement,  62-69.


Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Self-rated health: contemporary state of knowledge, and results of two Czech studies. Československá psychologie 50, 2006, 1-15. [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I., Lukavský, J., Greenglass, E.: The Proactive Coping Inventory: Czech adaptation. Československá psychologie 50, 2006, 163-177.  [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I.: Aggression and self-esteem.Československá psychologie 50, 2006, 123-238.  [In Czech,]


Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Predicors of well-being in a representative sample of Czech population. Československá psychologie 49, 2005, 1-8. [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Health protective factors and health protective behaviours of Czech entrepreneurs: Comparison to a population sample. Studia Psychologica 47, 2005, 10-17.

Šolcová, I.: Dark sides of positive psychology. Československá psychologie 49, 2005, 363-366. [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Determinants of self-reported health in two Czech studies. Psychology & Health 20, 2005, Suppl. 1, 254.


Bond, M. H., Leung, K., Au, A., Tong, K-K., de Carrasquel, S. H., Murakami, F., Yamuguchi, S., Bierbaurer, G., Singelis, T. M., Broer, M., Boen, F., Lambert, S. M., Ferreira, M. C., Noels, K., Zhang, J., Chen, L., Solcova, I., Stetovska, I., Niit, T., Hurme, H. et al.: Culture-level dimensions of social axioms and their correlates across 41 cultures. Journal of Cross-Culture Psychology 2004, 35, 548-570.

Kebza, V.,  Šolcová, I.: Self-reported health, socioeconomic status, and inequalities in health.  Psychology and Health  2004,  19, Suppl. June, 94.

Šolcová, I.: Psychosocial and psychophysiological strain in extended spaceflight simulation. Studia psychologica 2004, 45, 3, 179-186.


Kebza, V., Šolcová, I.: Well-being as psychological and also interdisciplinary based concept. Československá  psychologie 47, 2003, 4, 333-345. [In Czech]

Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Predictors of social support in Czech population. Československá  psychologie 47, 2003, 3, 220-229. [In Czech]


Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Socially based inequalities in health: current development in the world, and present state in the Czech Republic. Československá psychologie 2002, 46, 3, 219-224. [In Czech]

Šolcová, I., Štětovská, I.: Factor structure of general beliefs: results of the international research and the Czech study. Československá psychologie 46, 2002, 481-489. [In Czech]


Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Unemployment and health. Československá psychologie 2001, 45, 2, 127 - 134. [In Czech]


Kebza, V., Šolcová, I.: History, present state, and perspectives of health psychology. Československá psychologie 2000, 44, 4, 309-317. [In Czech,]


Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Social support as an important protective factor. Československá psychologie 1999, 43, 19 - 38. [In Czech,]


Kebza, V., Šolcová, I.: Burnout syndrome: Theoretical sources, diagnostic and treatment possibilities. Československá psychologie 1998, 42, 5, 429 - 448. [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Psychoneuroimmunology and coping with stress. Československá psychologie 1998, 1, 32 - 41. [In Czech,]


Šolcová, I.: Total work load of the Czech population. Československá psychologie 1997, 41, 2, 157 - 162. [In Czech,]


Sýkora, J., Šolcová, I., Dvořák, J, Polánková, M., Tomeček, A.: Women's place in space exploration. Space Policy 1996, 12, 3, 161 - 165.

Šolcová, I.: Psychosocial stress in women: An overview of current knowledge. Československá psychologie 1996, 40, 3, 237 - 247. [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I., Kebza, V.: Differences in level and structure of personality resilience [„hardiness“] in Czech and American population. Československá psychologie 1996, 40, 6, 480 - 487. [In Czech,]


Hošek, V., Šolcová, I., Bahbouh, R., Uličný, B.: Psychophysiological changes during cold acclimation in man. Studia Psychologica 1995, 37, 5, 311 - 317.

Šolcová, I.: Chicanery at work: Introduction to the problem. Československá psychologie 1995, 5, 440 - 443. [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I., Sýkora, J.: Changes induced in some mental processes by the pre-start state. Studia Psychologica 1995, 37, 345 - 350.


Hrachovinová, T., Šolcová, I.: Contribution to the use of psychophysiology in psychodiagnostics and in psychotherapy. Československá psychologie 1994, 38, 228 - 232. [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I.: Moderating part of physical activity in the relation stress - health. Československá psychologie 1994, 38, 300 - 308. [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I., Tománek, P.: Daily stress coping strategies: An effect of hardiness. Studia Psychologica 1994, 36, 5, 390 - 394.


Košťál, L., Bilčík, B., Juráni, M., Boďa, K., Špelev, J.J., Gurjeva, T.S., Sabo, V., Šolcová, I., Sýkora, J.: Behaviour of newly hatched and adult Japanese quail and the feasibility of adaptation to weightlessness. The Physiologist 1993, 36, 1, 50-52.


Šolcová, I.: Psychological coherences of stress response: The role of personality in the relation stress – health. Československá psychologie 1992, 36, 564 - 570. [In Czech,]


Šolcová, I., Krátký, I.: Psychophysiological responding of workers in automated processes to the daily job: Relation to the Type A,B behavior pattern. Studia Psychologica 1991, 33, 1, 51 - 54.


Šolcová, I., Jakoubek, B., Sýkora, J., Hník, P.: Charakteristics of vertebrogenic pain by the Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire. Časopis lékařů českých 1990, 129, 51, 1611 - 1614. [In Czech,]

Šolcová, I., Malý, O., Sýkora, J., Jakoubek, B.: Effect of fitness-directed physical excercise on the mental state of cardiovascular patients. Activitas  Nervosa Superior 1990, 32, 3, 189 - 190.

Šolcová, I., Sýkora, J., Pauer, M., Semiginovský, B.: The heart rate response to psychological challenge is higher in children displaying lower physical activity. Activitas Nervosa Superior 1990, 32, 1, 40 - 42.


Jakoubek, B., Sýkora, J., Neradilek, F., Šolcová, I., Mraček, P., Řehulka, J., Kaspar, I., Liebichová, J., Jedličková, V.: An effect of combined electroacupuncture and TENS on thermograms of painful areas and pain relief in patients with vertebrogenic pain. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 7, 2 - 4, 1989, 247 - 248.

Sýkora, J., Šolcová, I., Pelčák, O., Dvořák, J.: Pilot performance is increased after alternating hypo- and hyper-gravity states. The Physiologist, 1989, 32, 1, 92 - 93.


Sýkora, J., Šolcová, I., Jakoubek, B., Drahota, Z.: Electrofotography as a tool for evaluation of changes induced in human organism by hyper-gravity. The Physiologist 1988, 39, 1, 150 - 151.

FOTO: Jan Jirkovský